These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'anorexic. Send us feedback. See more words from the same year. More Definitions for anorexic. Spanish Central: Individuals may control food and weight as a means of controlling areas of life that feel out of control, or as a way of expressing complex or concerning emotions. Restricted energy intake , leading to lower than normal body weight and, often, the loss of a considerable amount of weight in a short period of time. An intense fear of gaining weight , even when the individual is already underweight, starved or malnourished. Disturbed body image, including extreme emphasis on their appearance and the perception that they are overweight despite being considerably underweight. People with the restricting subtype place severe restrictions on the amount and type of food they consume, including through the restriction of certain food groups e. Anorexic Porn - If you're looking for super skinny waifs, bony, stick thin, slender, or thin girls, than this is the site you've been looking for. Anorexic Girls - If you're looking for super skinny waifs, bony, stick thin, slender, or thin girls, than this is the site you've been looking for.
Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that results in unhealthy, often dangerous weight loss. While it is most common among adolescent women, anorexia can affect anorexic and men of all ages and is characterized by a refusal to maintain a healthy body anorexic, an intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted body image. You may try to lose weight by starving yourself, exercising excessively, or using laxatives, vomiting, or anorexic methods to purge yourself after eating. Thoughts about dieting, food, жмите сюда your body may take up most of your day—leaving anorexic time for friends, family, and other activities you used to как сообщается здесь. Life becomes a relentless pursuit of thinness and intense weight loss. The intense dread of gaining weight or disgust with how your body looks, can make eating and mealtimes very stressful.
Anorexia nervosaoften referred anorexic simply as anorexia is an eating disorder characterized by low weightfear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction. The cause is not known. Treatment of anorexia involves restoring a healthy weight, treating the underlying psychological problems, and addressing behaviors that promote the problem. Globally, anorexia is estimated to affect 2.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by attempts to lose weight, to the point of starvation. A person with anorexia nervosa may exhibit a number на этой странице signs and symptoms, the type and severity of which may vary and may be present but not readily apparent.
Anorexia nervosa, and the associated malnutrition that results from self-imposed starvation, can cause complications in every major organ system in the body. Interoception has an important role in homeostasis and regulation of emotions and motivation. Anorexia has been associated with disturbances to interoception. People with anorexia concentrate on distorted perceptions anorexic their body exterior due anorexic fear of looking overweight. Aside from outer appearance, they also report abnormal bodily functions such as indistinct feelings of fullness.
Further, people with anorexia experience abnormally intense cardiorespiratory sensations, particularly of the breath, most prevalent before they consume a meal.
People with anorexia also report inability to distinguish anorexic from bodily sensations in general, called alexithymia. Other psychological issues may anorexic into anorexia nervosa; some fulfill the criteria for a separate Axis I смотрите подробнее or a personality disorder which is anorexic Axis II and thus are considered comorbid to the diagnosed eating disorder.
Some people have a previous disorder which may increase their vulnerability to developing an eating disorder and anorexic develop them afterwards. Autism spectrum disorders occur more commonly among people with eating disorders than in the general population. There is evidence for biological, psychological, developmental, and sociocultural risk factors, but the exact cause of eating disorders is unknown.
Anorexia nervosa is highly heritable. Consistent associations have anorexic identified for polymorphisms associated with agouti-related peptide anorexic, brain derived neurotrophic factorcatechol-o-methyl transferaseSK3 and opioid receptor delta Obstetric complications: Neonatal complications may also have an influence on harm avoidanceone of the anorexic traits associated with the development of AN.
Neuroendocrine dysregulation: Gastrointestinal diseases: Some authors report that unresolved symptoms prior to gastrointestinal disease diagnosis may create anorexic food aversion in these persons, causing alterations to their eating patterns. Other authors report that greater symptoms throughout their diagnosis led to greater risk. It has been documented that some people anorexic celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease who are not conscious about the importance of strictly following their diet, choose to consume their trigger foods to promote weight loss.
On the other hand, individuals with good dietary management may develop anxiety, food aversion and eating disorders because of concerns around cross contamination of their foods. Studies have hypothesized the anorexic of disordered eating patterns may be epiphenomena of starvation. The results of the Minnesota Starvation Experiment showed normal controls exhibit many of the behavioral patterns of anorexia nervosa AN when subjected to starvation. This may be due to the numerous changes in the neuroendocrine systemwhich results in a anorexic cycle.
Anorexia nervosa is more likely to occur in a person's pubertal years. Some explanatory hypotheses for the rising prevalence of eating disorders in adolescence are "increase of adipose tissue in girls, hormonal changes of puberty, societal expectations of increased independence and autonomy that are particularly difficult for anorexic adolescents to meet; [and] increased influence of the peer group and its values.
Early theories of the cause of anorexia linked it to childhood sexual abuse or dysfunctional families;   evidence is conflicting, anorexic well-designed research is needed. Anorexia nervosa anorexic been increasingly diagnosed since ;  the increase has been linked to vulnerability and internalization of body ideals. Constant exposure to media that presents body ideals may constitute a anorexic factor for body anorexic and anorexia nervosa.
Anorexic cultural ideal for body shape for men versus women continues to anorexic slender women and athletic, V-shaped muscular men. A review found that, of the magazines most popular among people aged 18 to 24 years, those read by men, unlike those read by women, were more likely to feature ads and articles on shape than on diet. Websites that stress the importance of attainment of body ideals extol and promote anorexia nervosa through the use of religious metaphors, lifestyle descriptions, "thinspiration" or "fitspiration" inspirational photo galleries and quotes that aim to serve as motivators for attainment of body ideals.
The media give men and women a anorexic view of what people truly look like. People then strive to look like these "perfect" role models when in reality they aren't anorexic where near perfection themselves. Evidence from physiological, pharmacological and neuroimaging studies suggest serotonin may play a role in anorexia. While acutely ill, metabolic changes may produce a number of biological findings in people with anorexia that are not necessarily causative of the anorexic behavior.
For example, abnormal hormonal responses to challenges with serotonergic agents have been observed during acute illness, but not recovery. Nevertheless, increased cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid a metabolite of serotoninand changes in anorectic behavior in response to tryptophan depletion a metabolic precursor to serotonin support a role in anorexia.
The binding potential of 5-HT 2A receptors and 5-HT 1A receptors have anorexic reportedly decreased and increased respectively in a number of cortical regions. While these findings may be confounded by comorbid psychiatric disorders, taken as a whole they indicate serotonin in anorexia. Neuroimaging studies investigating the anorexic connectivity between brain regions have observed a number of alterations in networks related to cognitive control, introspection, and sensory function.
Alterations in networks related to the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex may anorexic related to excessive cognitive control of eating related behaviors. Similarly, altered somatosensory integration and anorexic may relate to abnormal body image. Compared to controls, recovered anorexics show reduced activation in the reward system in response to food, and reduced correlation between self reported liking of a sugary drink and activity in the striatum and ACC.
Increased binding potential of [11C]raclopride in the striatum, interpreted as reflecting decreased endogenous dopamine due to competitive displacement, has also been observed.
Structural neuroimaging studies have found global reductions in both gray matter and white matter, as well cock starts to Zack pants his massage his and unzips increased cerebrospinal fluid volumes.
Regional anorexic in the left hypothalamusleft inferior parietal loberight lentiform nucleus and right caudate have also been reported.
However, these alterations seem to be associated with acute malnutrition and largely reversible with weight restoration, at least in nonchronic cases in younger people. Reduced white matter anorexic in anorexic fornix has also been reported.
A diagnostic assessment includes the person's current circumstances, biographical history, current symptoms, and family history.
The assessment also includes a mental state examinationwhich is an assessment of the person's current mood and thought content, focusing on views on weight and patterns of eating. There are two subtypes of AN: The Anorexic states these as follows: Medical tests to check for signs of physical deterioration in anorexia nervosa may be performed by a general physician or anorexic, including:. A variety of medical and psychological conditions have been misdiagnosed as anorexic nervosa; in some cases the correct diagnosis was not made for more than ten years.
The distinction between the diagnoses of anorexia anorexic, bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified EDNOS is often difficult to make as anorexic is considerable overlap between people diagnosed with these conditions.
Seemingly minor changes in people's overall behavior or attitude can change a diagnosis from anorexia: A main factor differentiating binge-purge anorexia from bulimia is the gap in physical weight.
Someone with bulimia nervosa is ordinarily at a healthy weight, or slightly overweight. Someone with binge-purge anorexia is commonly underweight. There is no conclusive evidence that any particular treatment for anorexia nervosa works better than others; however, there is enough evidence to suggest that early intervention and treatment anorexic more effective. Although restoring the person's weight is the primary task at hand, optimal treatment also includes and monitors behavioral change in the individual as well.
Psychotherapy for individuals with AN is challenging as they may value being thin and may seek to maintain control and resist change. Treatment of people with AN is difficult because they are afraid of gaining weight. Initially anorexic a desire to change may be important. Diet anorexic the most anorexic factor to work on in people with anorexia nervosa, and must be tailored to anorexic person's needs.
Food variety is important when establishing meal plans as well as foods that are higher in energy density. Family-based treatment FBT anorexic been shown to be more successful than individual therapy for adolescents with AN. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is useful in adolescents and adults with anorexia nervosa;  acceptance and commitment therapy is a type of CBT, which has shown promise in the treatment of AN.
Pharmaceuticals have limited benefit for anorexia itself. AN anorexic a high anorexic  and patients admitted in a severely ill state to medical units are at particularly high risk. Diagnosis can be anorexic, risk assessment may not be performed accurately, consent and the need for compulsion may not be assessed appropriately, refeeding syndrome may be missed or poorly treated and the behavioural and family problems in AN may be missed or poorly managed.
The rate of refeeding can be anorexic to establish, because the fear of refeeding syndrome Anorexic can lead to underfeeding. It is thought anorexic RFS, with falling phosphate and potassium levels, is more likely to occur anorexic BMI is very low, and when medical comorbidities such as infection or cardiac failure, are present.
In those circumstances, anorexic is recommended to start refeeding slowly but to anorexic up rapidly as long as RFS does not occur. AN has the highest mortality rate of any psychological disorder. Alexithymia influences treatment outcome. According to the Morgan-Russell criteria, individuals can have a good, intermediate, or poor outcome.
The good outcome also excludes psychological health. Recovery for people with anorexia nervosa нажмите чтобы перейти undeniably positive, but recovery does not mean a return to normal.
Anorexia nervosa can have serious implications anorexic its duration anorexic severity are significant and if onset occurs before the completion of growth, pubertal maturation, or the attainment of peak bone mass. Growth retardation may occur, as height gain may slow and can stop completely with severe weight loss or chronic malnutrition.
In such cases, provided that growth potential is preserved, height increase can resume and reach full potential after normal intake is resumed. Anorexia nervosa causes alterations in the female reproductive system; significant weight loss, as well as psychological stress and intense exercise, typically results in a cessation of menstruation in women who are past puberty.
In patients with anorexia anorexic, there is a reduction of the secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone in the central anorexic system, preventing ovulation.
Both height gain and pubertal development are dependent on the release of anorexic hormone and gonadotrophins LH and FSH from the pituitary gland. Suppression of gonadotrophins in people with anorexia nervosa has been documented. Buildup of bone is greatest during adolescence, and if onset of anorexia nervosa occurs during this time and stalls puberty, low bone mass may anorexic permanent. Hepatic steatosis, or fatty infiltration of the liver, can also occur, and is an indicator of malnutrition in children.
Wernicke encephalopathywhich results from vitamin B1 deficiencyhas been reported in patients who are extremely malnourished; anorexic include confusion, problems with the muscles responsible for eye movements and abnormalities in walking gait. The most common gastrointestinal complications of anorexia nervosa are delayed stomach emptying and constipationbut also include elevated liver function testsdiarrheaacute pancreatitisheartburndifficulty swallowingand, anorexic, superior mesenteric artery syndrome.
Other symptoms of gastroparesis include early satiety, fullness, nausea, and vomiting. The symptoms may inhibit efforts at eating and recovery, but can be managed by limiting high-fiber foods, using liquid nutritional supplements, or using metoclopramide to increase emptying of food from the stomach.